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Avanos (Ancient Greek: Αβανος) is a town and district of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, located 18 km (11 mi) north of Nevşehir, the capital city of the province. It is situated within the historic and tourist region of Cappadocia. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 35,145 of which 12,288 live in the town of Avanos.The district covers an area of 994 km2 (384 sq mi), and the average elevation is 920 m (3,018 ft), with the highest point being Mt. İsmail Sivrisi at 1,756 m (5,761 ft).The old city of Avanos, whose name in ancient times was Venessa, overlooks the longest river of Turkey, the Kızılırmak (Red River), which also separates Avanos from the rest of Cappadocia.
In 1926 the linguist Emile Forrer, Bogazköy Hittite tablet during his research in the Royal Archive read the name of the city Zuwinas Nenesse and Zi-Winas, in accordance with Nicole Thierry's work has evolved into Venass and Avanos. Avanos in Ottoman documents, Near geçer.avanos as Anas and Evenez, the Red River on the edge of a Roman cemetery uncovered marble sarcophagus in the center dealt with so far in the Cappadocia region is interesting since it is the only sarcophagus. Sarcophagus, incidentally revealed çıkmış.avanos Hug in 1971 near the town of Prof. Gökberk Zanker's headed in the archaeological excavations at the mound late in the Early Bronze Age to the Roman era ruins belong to different cultures is revealed. Avanos is located in the 13th century caravanserai dated to the Sarıhan Seljuk period and Aladdin Mosque.